The centerpiece of any good estate plan is your living trust. This is the document that allows your estate to pass without going through probate, paying 8-10% of your gross estate in fees and expenses, and forcing your family through 2-3 (or 5-6) years of court appearances, lawyers and judges making decisions about your property. Proper estate planning can also help you to minimize or eliminate estate tax. Having no estate plan or having just a will won’t do this.
But proper estate planning includes other consideration and critical documents as well, and should not be overlooked in your planning.
- FUNDING your trust. All of your assets – yes, all of them – should be titled in the name of your trust. Hopefully, your estate planning attorney transferred your real property (house) into the trust, but generally, you are responsible for transferring the rest of your assets, such as bank accounts, stocks, and life insurance. At our firm, we even help you with this because it’s so important.
- Pour-Over will. You still need a will, even if you have a living trust, because anything that is not in your trust will need to go into probate. There are a couple important things to know about your pour-over will. First, it includes your nomination of guardian, so this in itself is a reason why it’s so important. Second, while you will be funding your trust with all of your property (and thus will not likely need a will), things can happen where you are not able to put your property in your trust, such as when you are the subject of a wrongful death suit or if you don’t have possession yet of the property before you pass away. Third and finally, the will is called a “pour-over” because pours over anything probated into your living trust.
- Powers of attorney. You need powers of attorney, one for your property/assets and one for health care. Powers of attorney go into effect when you are still alive but you are incapacitated due to illness or accident. These determine who will be making medical and care decisions on your behalf (and paying your bills) when you are unable. These are key because, if you wait until you are already incapacitated to get one, then your family must go through the court process of getting a conservatorship, which is lengthy and expensive.
- Assignment/Distribution of Personal Property. These documents first put all of your personal property (your furniture, cars, pets and other personal belongings) into your trust, and then list how they will be distributed upon your death. These are important because often the biggest arguments after you are gone are about the smallest things, like the jewelry and china. Don’t leave your family fighting because you didn’t leave instruction.
- Certificate of Trust. This is the four-page summary of your trust that you will use to transfer your property into your trust. Instead of having to take the whole binder, or even the whole 30-page trust document into the bank – and share the detail of the contents – you use the four-page summary that maintains your privacy and makes it much easier to copy and share with your account holders.
In addition to these documents, I consider it part of my job to help you ensure that ALL of your affairs are in order. This includes your pre-need funeral arrangements, ensuring you have enough life insurance, that you have long-term care insurance, and are doing what you need to do now to have the retirement that you want. These additional services are not provided by me and I don’t get anything for referring someone to you. But I have spent lots of time getting to know the best professionals in each of their respective businesses, because I want to refer you to only the best to be able to take care of all of your needs.
If your estate planning professional is not providing all of these services – and more (follow up, ongoing communications, updates on law, etc.) – then perhaps you should reconsider who you are talking to, or at least ask some questions. Your family is worth it.